An Investigation of Mother Tongue Influence on EFL Learners during their Speaking Performance

Naria Fitriani, Said Iskandar Zulkarnain


This study aimed at investigating the mother tongue influence of Acehnese learners in vocational English class. The students’ mother tongue influence can be detected by the results of speaking errors on their performance. The primary data of the students’ speaking performance was recorded, then transcribed. Furthermore, the student’s questionnaire was applied to support the primary data. The results of this study were analyzed and presented into two parts containing pronunciation and grammar errors. Meanwhile, the data obtained from the questionnaire was quantitatively shown that the learning process of the target language was affected by the first language.


Mother Tongue; EFL Learners; Speaking

Full Text:



Azizah, I. (2016). An Analysis of Students’ Difficulties in Speaking English: A Case Study at Eleventh Grade Students of MA Al- Muslimun NW. (Unpublished Journal). University of Mataram.

Carrió-Pastora, M. L. & Vallésb, I. T. (2015). A comparative study of the influence of the mother tongue in LSP and CLIL. 15th International Conference of the Spanish Association of language and Literature Education, 15th International Conference SEDLL: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 178, 38 – 42.

Creswell, W. J. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Gan, Z. (2013). Understanding English speaking difficulties: An investigation of two Chinese populations. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 34(3), 231–248.

Kelleher, M. (2013). Overcoming the First Language Taboo to Enhance Learning a Foreign Language. 3rd World Conference on Learning, Teaching and Educational Leadership (WCLTA). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 93, 2037 – 2042

Khan, A. M. R., Shaheen, R., & Muhammad, S. (2017). Impact of Mother Tongue on Learning English Language on Secondary School Level Students. Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics, 31: 15–18.

Lord, G. (2008). Second Language Acquisition and First Language Phonological Modification. The 10th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, ed. Joyce Bruhn de Garavito and Elena Valenzuela, 184-193.

Mathew, I. B. (1997). Errors in pronunciation of consonants by Indonesian, Gayo and Acehnese learners of English as a foreign language. Retrieved from

Mede, E., Tutal, C., Ayaz, D., Calışır, K., & Akın, Ş. (2014). The Effect of Language Transfer in Turkish EFL Learners. ELT Research Journal, 3(2), 70-83.

Nation, P. (2003). The role of the first language in foreign language learning. ASIAN EFL Journal, 5(2), 1-18.

Nurhayati, W. A. D., Djatmika., Santosa, R., & Wiratno, T. (2016). Indonesian Influence in Developing Speaking Skill in Learning English: EFL Learners’ Impediments. International Seminar Prasasti III: Current Research in Linguistic, 207–211.

Sabbah, S. S. (2015). Negative Transfer: Arabic Language Interference to Learning English. Arab World English Journal, 4, 269-288.

Sidupa, C. (2018). Indonesian Language Transfer of Students of English as a Second Language (ESL). The 1st International Seminar on Language, Literature and Education, KnE Social Sciences, 51-57.

Sriphaba, M. (2015). A Study on Mother Tongue Influence in English Communication. International Journal of English Literature and Culture, 3(11), 296-300.

Subandowo, D. (2017). The Language Interference in English Speaking Ability for EFL Learners. Proceedings of the Fifth International Seminar on English Language and Teaching (ISELT-5), 205-210.

StatisticsArticle Metrics

This article has been read : 11 times
PDF file viewed/downloaded : 5 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

SALTeL Journal is abstracted and indexed in



Creative Commons License
SALTeL Journal. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.